Bible Think

The Resurrection of Jesus Christ

The Resurrection of Jesus Christ

The resurrection of Jesus Christ is the central fact of Christianity. If it is true then the claims of Jesus Christ to be the Son of God have to be taken very seriously. If it is not true that Jesus rose from the dead then Christianity has failed entirely. There is, however, considerable evidence to show that the resurrection really did take place and that Jesus did rise from the dead.

The Resurrection of Jesus  —  a fact of history.

The evidence of Jesus’ resurrection is extremely compelling. It deserves full  consideration. Click here for a magazine - length article (18 pages) in PDF format which provides a detailed summary of the evidence of Jesus’ resurrection.


The first item of evidence is the detail of the practice of crucifixion. In crucifixion a human being is attached to a cross and allowed to hang there. There were several different available shapes of cross. It has been said that there were several different methods of attaching a victim to the cross, but evidence on this is sparse. Bones discovered in a tomb near Jerusalem and now in the Israel museum included the heel-bone of a crucifixion victim with the nail still embedded in it. This shows that victims were nailed to crosses at least part of the time.


Death from crucifixion can occur by a number of different mechanisms. Stress on the chest muscles causes body fluid to leak into the lungs. This can lead to a loss of lung function, or to congestive heart failure or to hypovolemic shock, any of which would lead to death. Experiments carried out in conjunction with a Television series showed that if a human being is suspended entirely from their arms then they are likely to die within 20 minutes. This would happen to anyone who fell unconscious on a cross. Jesus was on the cross for long enough to ensure his death.


The Empty Tomb

Jesus was buried in a tomb near to Jerusalem. On the third day after the crucifixion this tomb was empty. The evidence for this is extremely strong. Christianity started to spread from Jerusalem and thousands of people were baptised there. It would have been impossible for anyone to believe that Jesus had been raised if his body was still in the tomb. The authorities were keen to undermine the new Christian community. They could have destroyed it completely by producing the body, which means that it was no longer in the tomb and the authorities did not know where it had gone. Finally, Jewish sources were arguing that the disciples of Jesus stole the body for several generations afterwards. This would have been laughable if the body had been in the tomb.


The Human Witnesses

After his resurrection, Jesus was seen alive by a large number of people. The list includes over five hundred people, of whom the majority were supporters of Jesus, but some of them were hostile before they met Jesus. The fact that all witnesses who met Jesus alive after his resurrection became Christians simply shows that the meetings of Jesus were real.


Those who proclaimed the resurrection of Jesus were subjected to persecution almost immediately. In Jerusalem. The persecution forced Christians to move to other cities, and at the end of 65AD a major persecution was started by the Roman state under the Emperor Nero.



The evidence for the resurrection is overwhelming. There is physical evidence (the empty tomb) and there is the witness of human eyewitnesses (the hundreds of people who met the risen Jesus). The opponents of Jesus were still attempting to explain the empty tomb in the second century and the witnesses were prepared to suffer unpleasant deaths in the arena rather than to deny the resurrection.


There is only one possible conclusion: Jesus is Alive!



Evidence and the Resurrection

Click here for a pdf file which contains a detailed consideration of the evidence for the resurrection of Jesus Christ and the alternative theories that have been proposed to explain the known facts.

Jesus Christ

Click here to link to the main page which begins the presentation of the evidence for the Jesus of history and of the Gospels.

The Witness of Jesus

Jesus was raised from the dead. This places him in a unique position to speak about life after death, about God and about things that God endorses. One of the main points of Jesus’ teaching was that the whole of the Bible was a message from God. Click here to link to a page which develops this idea.

Son of God?

Jesus was raised from the dead. But can one show that he is Son of God?

Home Page

Click here to link to the website home page.



Evidence of the Gospels

Click here to link to the main page which discusses the evidence for the reliability of the Gospels and the inspiration of the message of Jesus Christ.



The Resurrection of Jesus Christ

Click here to download a single page (two sides of A4) summary of the evidence for the resurrection of Jesus Christ.