The idea that the Bible is inspired by God requires that God exists, and that he
intervenes in the world from time to time. This is opposed by Atheists who assert
that there is no God.
Atheists frequently claim that there is no evidence to support the idea that God
exists. This is clearly wrong; there is in reality an abundance of such evidence.
Some of the evidence includes:-
The Big Bang: The fact that the universe came into existence at a creation event
shows the existence of a creator.
The existence of design in nature: Any designed object requires an intelligent designer.
Fine Tuning: The fact that the laws of nature are very finely adjusted to allow
the existence of life
Biological Design: There are features of living organisms which cannot simply be
accounted for by chance and natural law.
Rational Laws: The universe contains laws of nature which require explanation and
can be understood rationally. Such laws imply a lawgiver.
Other reasons for the existence of God do not involve science, but are nonetheless
powerful. These include the existence of right and wrong, the existence of beauty,
and the existence of purpose. The existence of miracles is also a testimony to the
existence of God.
Contingent and Necessary
The simplest argument for the existence of God comes from the ideas of contingency
Contingency: An entity is contingent if it could be different from what it is. Any
contingent entity could be different, or could even not exist at all. Any contingent
entity requires something to explain it; it can’t explain itself. One could say that
science is about the explanation of contingent entities and that the success of science
is a testimony to the fact that contingent entities require explanation.
Necessity: An entity is necessary if it logically requires no explanation or cause.
A necessary entity must be as it is.
The ideas of contingency and necessity form part of several lines of reasoning which
demonstrate the existence of God. They appear in ideas of the creation event, in
the existence of laws of nature, in considerations of a multiverse and even in questions
of ethics and morality.
The Argument from Contingency
This is an argument which shows the existence of God.
Contingent entities exist (this is obvious - we see entities that are not infinitely
old every day)
Any contingent entity requires a cause or an explanatory factor. Something determines
that the contingent entity exists, and why it is as it is. This is the idea behind
An infinite regression of contingent entities is no explanation. Any sequence of
contingent entities is contingent. Adding another contingent entity to the sequence
makes no difference; the sequence is still contingent. One can continue to add contingent
entities for as long as one likes; the sequence will never become necessary. The
only way to make a necessary sequence is for a necessary entity to be present in
There must therefore be a necessary entity which explains and causes the contingent
entities. Effectively this is the only possible conclusion from step 3.
This necessary entity is God.
The God of the Bible is a being who is outside the universe and created it. The Bible
describes God as being from everlasting to everlasting; as being the entity who accounts
for everything else, and as the originator of the laws that govern the universe.
Most telling, the God of the Bible describes himself as “I am that I am” (Exodus
3:13-15) The idea of a necessary entity was understood and proclaimed in one of the
earliest books of the Bible. The idea of necessity was not invented until the late
middle ages, but is found in a book from the Bible written in the middle bronze age.
Truly the Bible is a book ahead of its time!